Tag: Real GDP

Inflation: A Visual Representation

Inflation: A Visual Representation

Inflation is the result when money supply growth outpaces an economy's ability to produce goods and services. We use M2 in the below chart to represent the money supply (the thin blue line). We use the The Producer Price Index (PPI) and Real GDP as productivity proxies. The PPI is measured by the thin red … Continue reading Inflation: A Visual Representation

Inflation Is A Primary Driver Behind The Economic Slowdown

Inflation Is A Primary Driver Behind The Economic Slowdown

Whether it is the Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg or CNBC, the business press fails to mention price inflation as a primary factor behind the economic slowdown as measured by Real GDP of 2%. Supply chain bottlenecks and the Delta variant are not exclusively responsible for the stagflationary period we are about to embark on where … Continue reading Inflation Is A Primary Driver Behind The Economic Slowdown

Real GDP Growth Will Not Rebound In 2022

Real GDP Growth Will Not Rebound In 2022

Economists pushing the narrative that Real GDP growth will climb back to mid-single-digit percentages in 2022 have got it wrong. The combination of persistent price inflation and weak labor participation will ensure that Real GDP remains range bound between zero and 2%. The sooner Wall Street pundits learn to say "Stagflation" the more honest conversation … Continue reading Real GDP Growth Will Not Rebound In 2022

Real GDP Growth Remains Muted

Real GDP Growth Remains Muted

The Atlanta Fed updated its model for Real GDP ("GDPNow"). The Atlanta Fed's 3.2% Real GDP estimate as of today is down from 3.7% as of September 21st. We have previously written that real GDP growth may very well be zero percent or even negative as we believe the Federal Reserve underestimates true price inflation … Continue reading Real GDP Growth Remains Muted

Interest Rates Follow Real GDP

Interest Rates Follow Real GDP

Interest rates have historically followed Real GDP. The below graph plots the 10-year Treasury at constant maturity vs. the year-over-year change in Real GDP as measured each quarter. It will be interesting for markets ("interesting" meaning "disruptive"), should the Fed tighten in what is now a slowing economy in Real GDP terms. Reach us at … Continue reading Interest Rates Follow Real GDP

It Is Beginning To Look Like Stagflation

It Is Beginning To Look Like Stagflation

The Atlanta Fed's real GDP estimate of 3.7% is well below inflation as measured by the Fed (CPI of 5.4%) and well below any real world price inflation measure. We do not subscribe to the Fed's theory that price inflation is transitory. Our view is that price inflation will grow from here. If real GDP … Continue reading It Is Beginning To Look Like Stagflation

Stagflation Is Imminent<span class="badge-status" style="background:red">Premium</span> 

Stagflation Is ImminentPremium 

It is difficult to imagine a scenario in which the U.S. economy does not experience stagflation. Record debt levels, low labor participation, muted long-term Real GDP growth, persistent inflation and the fact that the Federal Reserve is limited in its options to fight inflation leads us to believe that stagflation is imminent. Our premium TEK2day … Continue reading Stagflation Is ImminentPremium 

Brace for Anemic Long-Term Real GDP Growth

Brace for Anemic Long-Term Real GDP Growth

The three-headed Hydra of low labor participation, increased debt levels and higher taxes will cripple U.S. long-term Real GDP growth for decades. Labor participation is not going back to December 2019 levels. To believe that scenario is wishful thinking. For starters, 25% of restaurants and bars are permanently closed. Those jobs are not returning. Second, … Continue reading Brace for Anemic Long-Term Real GDP Growth

Muted GDP Will Force Investors to Become More Selective

Muted GDP Will Force Investors to Become More Selective

"There is nothing more permanent than a temporary government program" - Milton Friedman. First is was the financial crisis of 2008 that "forced" the Fed to perform unnatural acts. It was at this time that the Fed introduced Quantitative Easing ("QE"). QE was to be a "one-and-done" program. That program remains part of the Fed's … Continue reading Muted GDP Will Force Investors to Become More Selective

U.S. Debt to Reach 195% of GDP by 2050

U.S. Debt to Reach 195% of GDP by 2050

Icarus flew too close to the sun and the United States' fascination with debt may prove to be equally destructive. Yesterday the CBO published its long-term Debt-to-GDP estimates. Those figures show U.S. debt steadily increasing as a percentage of GDP ramping-up to 195% of GDP by 2050. If debt-funded stimulus, zero interest rates and expansionary … Continue reading U.S. Debt to Reach 195% of GDP by 2050